Module 4: Complexities of Sex Trafficking

Fall 2018 - Spring 2019

This module focuses on the variety of sex trafficking practices and their complications as well as shares stories of survivors and those working to end it.

*Sensitivity Warning* The resources in this module contain information about sexual assault and/or violence which may be distressing to students and survivors.  

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Course materials

Module Materials

Learning Objectives

  1. Familiarize students with the realities and manifestations of sex trafficking, including sex tourism, internet-based exploitation, certain traditional practices, child and forced marriages, and others.

  2. Understand the vulnerabilities of sex trafficking victims and methods used to lure and trap people in sex trafficking.

  3. Explore some effective approaches to address sex trafficking.

 

Discussion Questions

  1. What are the vulnerabilities that lead to people being sex trafficked?

  2. What are ways that these vulnerabilities can be addressed to prevent people from being exploited in this way?

  3. Which form of sex trafficking do you think is the most prevalent in your community/your country and why?

  4. What kinds of practices meet the definition of sex trafficking? Candidates to explore include child marriage, forced marriage, certain traditional practices (temple marriages, for example), child soldiers exploited as sex slaves, internet-based exploitation, and others.

  5. What are some different approaches to ending sex trafficking?

Primary Resources

Survivor Stories

 

This is a story of human trafficking victim-turned-survivor that evolves during the succession of the Modules. It will elaborate on examples of real life experiences. [TAGS: learning objectives 1, 2; discussion question 1]

Adya

Catholic Relief Services Resources

 

The Hidden Faces of Human Trafficking in Peru

This article discusses how the illegal gold mining industry of rural Peru increases sex and labor trafficking in the area. [TAGS: learning objectives 1, 2, 3; discussion questions 1, 4]

Rebekah Kates Lemke.  “The Hidden Faces of Human Trafficking in Peru.”  Catholic Relief Services, December 21, 2016.  Web.

 


Human Trafficking in Moldova: ‘Shocking Situation’

In Eastern Europe, countless young women fall prey to human traffickers. These predators convince them to migrate to western Europe, where jobs are said to be plentiful. But the reality is starkly different from the better life the traffickers promise.  4:07 minutes.  [TAGS: learning objectives 1, 2; discussion questions 1, 2, 5]

Human Trafficking in Moldova: ‘Shocking Situation’. YouTube video with commentary from Catholic Relief Services, April 22, 2010.  Web.

A Life Course Approach to Preventing Human Trafficking

 

Dr. Angela Reed RSM talks about the unique vulnerabilities and conditions that render people more likely to become victims of human trafficking, specifically sex trafficking. To understand her approach, view minutes 7:10-8:00 and 22:08-50:00. Or read pages 1- 11 of the 28-page report Taking a Step Back: A one-day workshop to begin formulating a comprehensive action-framework to prevent human trafficking. 1:33:30 minute video.  [TAGS: learning objectives 1, 2; discussion questions 1, 3]

“A Life Course Approach to Preventing Human Trafficking” presented at Taking a Step Back: A one-day workshop to begin formulating a comprehensive action-framework to prevent human trafficking. YouTube video of keynote address featuring Dr. Angela Reed, RSM, July 11, 2017.  Web.
Taking a Step Back: A one-day workshop to begin formulating a comprehensive action-framework to prevent human trafficking. Baltimore: Catholic Relief Services, 2017.

I Have a Voice: Trafficked Women - in their own Words

 

This book is a collection of personal stories of women who have been trafficked.  89 pages. [TAGS: learning objectives 1, 2; discussion questions 1, 3, 4]

Sr. Angela Reed and Marietta Latonio.  I Have a Voice: Trafficked women - in their own words.  Melbourne: Our Community Pty Ltd, 2015.

CRS Partner, Sunitha Krishnan

 

*Note: Sensitive Content*

In her Ted Talk The Fight Against Sex Slavery, Sunitha Krishnan shares her efforts to rescue sex trafficking survivors in India and the urgent need to accept these survivors into our communities as part of the rehabilitation process. 12:35 minutes. NOTE: Catholic Relief Services was the first international NGO to support Sunitha Krishnan’s work and continues to do so.  [TAGS: learning objectives 1, 2, 3; discussion questions 1, 4]

The fight against sex slavery.”  TEDIndia (in association with TED) delivered by Sunitha Krishnan, November 2009.  Web.

Sex Trafficking in the U.S

 

In this report, the Polaris Project provides an overview of the reality of sex trafficking in the United States.  10 pages.  [TAGS: learning objectives 1, 2, 3; discussion questions 1, 2]

“Sex Trafficking in the U.S.: A Closer look at U.S. Citizen Victims.”  Polaris, Freedom happens now.  Polaris.  Web.
Secondary Resources

Taking a Step Back: A one-day workshop to begin formulating a comprehensive action-framework to prevent human trafficking: Resource Packet.  This is a report from a conference organized by Catholic Relief Services and The Center for Civil and Human Rights, University of Notre Dame held on July 11, 2017.  72 pages.  Source: Catholic Relief Services and The Center for Civil and Human Rights, University of Notre Dame. 

Trafficking Survivor Stories” describes stories from survivors of sex trafficking all over the world.  Source: Equality for Now: a just world for women and girls. 

The Polaris Project, a leader in the global fight to eradicate modern slavery, provides two resources that feature many examples of the varied manifestations of sex and labor trafficking within the U.S. including what each type looks like and the mechanisms by which these traffickers operate and recruit people.  The Typology of Modern Slavery provides short, paragraph-long summaries accessible by clicking on a specific typology.  These are taken from the full 80-page Typology of Modern Slavery report, which has slightly longer (2-4 page) entries for each type of slavery.  Source: The Polaris Project.  Date: March 2017. 

Human Trafficking is a Hidden Aftermath of Natural Disasters” describes the surge of advertisements for sex work, and possibly sex trafficking, in Houston right after Hurricane Harvey.  While set in U.S. the topic is relevant to any place hit with a natural disaster event.  Transcript and 6:00-minute audio.  Author: Jasmine Garsd.  Source: PRI’s The World.  Aired: October 5, 2017.

Two related articles, "The Prison Pipeline: Recruiting Women into Human Trafficking Networks" and "The Prison Pipeline: Inmates Make Easy Targets for Human Traffickers," discuss the sex trafficking that occurs among female prisoners before, during, and after their incarceration, as well as the unique vulnerabilities that these inmates have.  Author: Larson Binzer.  Source: In Public Safety.com.  Published: September 8, 2016 and September 21, 2016, respectively.

The Male Face of Sexual Slavery” discusses sex trafficking of male victims, specifically in the pornography industry in East Africa.  Author: Laura Secorun Palet.  Source: OZY.  Published: February 17, 2016. 

2 Paths for Yemen’s War-Scarred Children: Combat, or Marriage:” This article describes the reality of girls being trafficked into marriage as a result of the desperation and conflict in Yemen.  Author: Nour Yousseff.  Source: The New York Times.  Published: October 9, 2017.