Nature of the Problem
- “International Aspects of Human Trafficking,” by Mary DeLorey, Strategic Advisor, CRS. This five-page essay is an excellent introduction to human trafficking. Expert Mary Delorey discusses the core elements of the Palermo Protocol’s definition of human trafficking and outlines the causal factors that put people at risk of being trafficked.
- “Modern-day Slavery: An Explainer,” by Annie Kelly, The Guardian (UK). Webpage with key definitions; see section III below for international legal frameworks and defintions.
- “Slavery 101” (12:22 video). General introduction to modern-day slavery by Free the Slaves. Video includes cases from around the world and strategies for eradicating slavery.
Case Study India
- “Helping Survivors of India’s Sex Slave Trade,” by CRS’ Laura Sheahen. Discusses CRS partner, Prajwala. Based in Hyderabad, Prajwala’s work involves prevention, rescue, rehabilitation, and reintegration, as well as advocacy and research to promote new policies on trafficking in India. [For more information, see the mission, vision, and programs in Prajwala’s 2012-23 Annual Report. If video on this type of work is helpful, see also “America Ferrera on India’s Sex Trade,” 3:39 video by Half the Sky.]
- “From Indian Red-Light District to Green Thumb,” by CRS’ Jennifer Hardy. Discusses CRS partner, Prerana. Based in Mumbai, Prerana provides support and education to rescued girls, trains local organizations on best practices in preventing trafficking and helping those rescued from traffickers, and advocates for legislation and enforcement to protect girls from trafficking. [For more information, use the following links to learn more about Prerana’s mission (see 1:56 video “Prerana”) and model.]
- NOTE: Sensitive Content. In A fight against sex slavery Sunitha Krishnan discusses her efforts to rescue sex trafficking survivors in India and the urgent need to accept these survivors into our communities as part of the rehabilitation process. 12:35 minutes. Delivered November 2009. Note: Catholic Relief Services was the first international NGO to support Sunitha Krishnan’s work and continues to do so.
- USCCB Committee on Migration Resource, “On Human Trafficking.” Two-page brief discusses Catholic social teaching regarding trafficking, gives a call to action, and recommends responses in the US context -- such as promotion of immigration reform to reduce vulnerability of migrant populations.
What Is Being Done and What You Can Do
- “Slavery and Commodity Chains: Fighting the Globalization of Indifference,” by Vincent J. Miller, America, blogpost January 2, 2014. Dr. Vince Miller is Gudorf Chair in Catholic Theology and Culture at the University of Dayton and was a participant in a 2013 trip to Brazil to work with CRS and its partners on the issue of slave labor. While focused largely on supply chains and slave labor, this essay can be used to help students reflect on our indifference to contemporary slavery.
- Explore“Turn on the Light. Help Stop Human Trafficking," Catholic Relief Services' portal on human trafficking